Higher Education A Womans World

At first glance, higher education today might seem like a woman’s world.

Government officials have warned that men will face a struggle for good jobs in future as teenage boys shun university.

In 2006, 22,500 more young women than men went on to higher education. Ministers are increasingly concerned at the widening gender gap in higher education. Employers increasingly look to hire staff with degrees.

Consequently, men might find themselves marginalised in the jobs market.

Girls have been outperforming boys at GCSE, A-level and in university for years. But now girls are doing better at work too, earning more than boys in the first eight years of their careers.

In 2005, 80% of girls passed national curriculum tests in English, compared with 67% of boys.

At A level, girls passed 23.9% of exams at grade A, compared with 21.5% of boys. According to Higher Education Funding Council for England Figures last year showed 47% of 17-30 year-old women had gone into higher education in 2004, compared to 37% of young men.

Hefce chief executive Professor David Eastwood said: We need to understand better why this is happening and start taking some action sooner rather than later.

Higher Education Minister Bill Rammell said The government has introduced a number of strategies to address the gap in gender achievement and to raise the performance of all pupil.

The Raising Boys’ Achievement Project which looked at exciting and innovative ways of raising achievement across a range of primary, secondary, and special schools to identify and evaluate strategies which are particularly helping motivating boys.

Schools will be better able to address underachievement in the performance of boys and girls if they know when and where they emerge. A careful analysis of data, mapping the development of male and female pupils, particularly the value-added data, including a breakdown of data by key pupil sub-groups, will enable schools to plan when and how to intervene. Schools should monitor pupils progress regularly by gender.

Study Later School Start Time Lowers Teen Crash Rate

The logic of it makes perfect sense: teens don’t function at high levels early in the morning. So the results of a study from the Eastern Virginia Medical school aren’t too shocking: when high schools start too early, teens are more likely to crash their cars on the way there.

The study compared teen accident rates between Virginia Beach and Chesapeake counties, two adjacent Virginia counties with differing school start times.

Robert Vorona, a sleep doctor at the school, compiled data on drivers between 16 and 18 in the two counties. In Virginia Beach, the high schools start at 7:20 a.m., and in Chesapeake, 8:40 a.m.

While the time difference was seemingly minimal, the crash data was drastically different.

Among students who started school very early in Virginia Beach, there were 65.4 car crashes for every 1,000 teen drivers. In Chesapeake County, there were just 46.2 crashes per 1,000 teen drivers.

That is a 40% crash rate increase for schools starting a little over an hour earlier.

While this particular study didn’t account for the time of day of the crashes, this is not the first time school start times have been linked to the crash rate.

A 2008 study in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine showed a 16% decrease in accidents when a Kentucky school pushed start times back.

Falling asleep at the wheel is obviously dangerous, but for a new driver, merely being tired can have just as poor an effect on their driving.

To anyone who has ever lived with a teenager, this need for sleep isnt news. The average teen needs 9.25 hours of sleep and typically cant fall asleep until 11, so its no wonder that later start times help.

Several lobbyist groups are already pressuring schools to adopt earlier start times. If you don’t have time to get involved, there are a few things you can do to ensure that your teens are getting enough sleep.

Try turning off cell phones, computers, etc an hour or two before your teen needs to go to sleep so they can start winding down.

Avoid too many caffeinated beveragesand avoid caffeine entirely after 4 p.m.

Consider going over your teens daily schedule with them. When alarms start to go off at 6 a.m., and extracurricular activities last until 6 or 7 p.m., it can be hard to find time to juggle homework and a social life. Learning time management strategies from a young age ensures they can make time for sleep well into their adult life as well.

If your teen still didnt get the necessary amount of sleep, dont let them bike or drive to school. They may hate you for it, but at least they wont be a hazard to themselves or others on the road.

Copyright (c) 2010 James Parrish

Learning Effective Parenting For Your Parenting Potential

Effective parenting technique is a puzzling topic that sometimes burnt out experts, and became a topic of brewing debates. However, developmental psychologists only began to study parenting and its influences on children in the 1920’s. Most experts studying the most effective parenting technique rely on the concept of Diana Baumrind’s three parenting styles, in which was found the authoritative parenting style to be the most balanced and healthiest.

Parenting can be seen as broad and limitless, when taking into consideration the differences in family values within the context of the norm, religious concepts, and many other ideals that shape the way parents deal with their children. Yet, failure in parenting cannot be solely blamed on specific instances but is seen as a typology of general practices of parents.

So what is the effective parenting technique? As broad as it might sound, authoritative parenting combines parental responsiveness and parental demandingness vis–vis the age of a child. Parental responsiveness describes a parent’s intent to foster self-regulation, individuality, and self-assertion by being supportive of and adjusting to a child’s needs and desires. Parental demandingness relates more to controlling a child’s behavior that is seen as inappropriate, and a parent’s willingness to enforce gentle disciplinary efforts, and confronting a child who intentionally disobeys or has committed a mistake.

You can do age-specific activities or discipline in order to set limitations but not to a point of taking full control over your child’s life. Parents, themselves, need to acknowledge differences in personality styles, ideas, and life perspectives especially when a child has grown into an adolescent.

Other experts, meanwhile, advocate attachment parenting as the effective parenting technique to use on infants. Dr. William Sears and his wife, Martha, were the first to describe attachment parenting as a style that highly demands responsiveness from parents. This style of parenting negates the popular belief of not responding to a baby’s cry immediately so as not to spoil him/her. Attachment parenting advocates believe that crying is a baby’s instinctive and survival tool, which is their only means of communication to the world.

Both authoritative and attachment parenting are found to be the most effective parenting styles today, with studies showing positive results from children raised with these styles of parenting. Attachment parenting, in particular, advocates emotional closeness between parents and child to promote self-esteem and social competency later in life. Looking closely, these two styles of effective parenting techniques have similarities in terms of responding to children’s needs and correcting ill behaviors in order to raise intellectually, emotionally, and socially-competitive individuals.

College Education Courses Online – What You Should Know

Education online is a growing field of opportunity for those who are unable to complete a traditional course of college education. Reasons are varied for people being unable to complete normal college information, but may include financial and time constraints.Online college courses tend to cost less than campus courses, but more importantly when receiving your education online you can still work. Holding down a full time job may be essential to some at the same time as studying because they are not only having to pay for their college education but also their course books and day to day living costs. An online college education has a greater flexibility in how you manage your time and so gives you a better chance to still hold a full time job or fulfill other responsibilities. There may also be people who want to further their college education but do not have the time for traditional courses because they work full time, or are raising children and do not want to put them in daycare whilst they attend to their course requirements. For them attending online college courses gives them the flexibility to study after work, or when the children are napping or have gone to bed. Even if you are studying for your degree through a traditional campus institution, there may be courses that are available online, that will give you a little more freedom to perhaps take extra college courses in one semester and less in another if you need to play catch up or else make a semester easier because of upcoming commitments. Many, if not all colleges will now provide course information and education materials online. This is not to allow people to skip classes, or to enable them to sleep through lectures but rather as a support to the education that they are receiving. Courses are available in many areas of study including such areas as computer science and programming, foreign languages, theoretical sciences, the arts-almost everything that a traditional college can offer education in.Other than the requirements for payment for your courses there may be educational prerequisites too. You will also need to purchase the course materials and will need a computer with internet access for the online access to classes. Occasionally a telephone may be needed, to call into a class and listen to a live lecture, or to participate in a seminar or other discussion.Exams may be held online, but there is also likely to be a requirement at some point through the course, for you to sit an exam under normal exam conditions, on campus. There are other times that you may be required to be on campus too and this should be born in mind when considering which course you which to do, because if you sign up for a college a thousand miles away you may struggle when the dean wants to hold interviews to confirm that it really was you that took the course and exam.

Child Custody Lawyer Las Vegas Fee Methods

Client may consult a child custody lawyer Las Vegas on an as-needed basis only, with each appointment standing alone. If client do, he or she will probably be expected to pay at the end of each office meeting-and this may work better for client as well, especially if the consultation occurs before client file for divorce and child support, because it means client won’t receive a bill in the mail. If client hire the attorney later to represent client in a case or transaction, the financial relationship will probably change to a retainer arrangement, discussed below.

A flat fee is a lump sum that covers all charges from the beginning to the end of the case. A flat fee is designed to give both client and the attorney some degree of security about what to expect in terms of cost. The difficulty is that in setting the fee, the lawyer must try to estimate how complex the case will become; it’s not very common for divorce attorneys to charge a flat fee for the entire case because of the difficulty of predicting the number of hours the case will take. All of the variables described in -Factors Affecting Fees,- above, contribute to this difficulty. If the lawyer overestimates this, client will pay more than the case warrants. On the other hand, if the attorney underestimates the time, then after a certain point the attorney will be working for free, which may not work well for client in terms of having the lawyer’s full attention. Either way client look at it, he or she stands to lose with flat-fee representation unless client has a very simple set of facts.

A contingency fee means that the child custody lawyer Las Vegas gets a percentage of the award if the case is won, and nothing if it’s not. The word contingency refers to the fact that the fee is contingent on a positive outcome. Contingency fees are most commonly used in personal injury cases. In a divorce, using a contingency fee would mean client would pay the attorney a percentage of the value of the marital assets that client is awarded. Many states don’t allow contingency fees in divorce cases at all, and even in places where they’re allowed, they are frowned upon. It is easy to see why. If an attorney’s fee is dependent upon the valuation of assets, the negotiation takes on a personal aspect for the lawyer, who may be less than objective during negotiations and might have a hard time keeping an eye on what’s best for the client.

One of the important thing that one should consider while hiring the child support attorney is to know the fee structures.

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